LIFESTYLE

A SURVIVOR'S TALE: What happened to the lone survivor of the Enoch Brown massacre?

PAT FRIDGEN, Echo Pilot
This book cover tells only the beginning of the story.

The rest of the story has finally been told.

Archibald McCullough, a 10-year-old pupil at a country school northwest of present day Greencastle, was the lone survivor of a massacre on July 26, 1764. Ten youngsters and their teacher, Enoch Brown, were clubbed to death and scalped by Delaware Indians.

A park in Antrim Township has been named in honor of the teacher. It features a monument to the slain, the common grave of Brown and the young scholars, and the spring where Archie soothed his bleeding head.

Rodney McCulloh, the five times great-grandson of Archie’s half-brother or cousin, researched the event and shared his findings in “The Scalping of Archie McCullough, The True Story of the Sole Survivor of the Enoch Brown Massacre”.

McCulloh, 55, owner of a fire protection and building code consulting firm in Indiana, had always heard the  basic story of his ancestor. He became more interested in the family history after attending a reunion in 2006 in Pennsylvania. He first visited Enoch Brown Park the following year.

“Archie is definitely one of the more colorful stories,” he said. “We know what happened to some extent, but no one took Archie past the original event.”

He dug into genealogy databases, census records, family Bibles, Franklin County documents, and published accounts from the 1700s and 1800s. He found conflicting information, and chose that which was most likely to be true, based on historical facts.

Among McCulloh’s discoveries:

Archie’s father married a second time, and there is the potential she was Archie’s mother.

The family moved south, eventually settling in Kentucky.

Archie married and had a son and daughter.

A brother went to court to try to bind Archie’s children to labor.

“My guess is Archie’s father had enough, and so they moved,” McCulloh said. “We feel we can trace Archie through 1810, and then he disappears.”

The book, published by Lamp-post Books recently, is written from Archie’s point of view initially. McCulloh then presents the history of the area at that time; newspaper coverage of the massacre through the years; a  statement from Archie’s cousin John, who with brother James had been kidnapped by the same tribe; another captive’s story; information on the park; and a bibliography of sources.

“The Scalping of Archie McCullough” is in paperback. Hardcover versions include a Family Edition with color photos, and a Genealogy Edition with an additional appendix outlining why McCulloh believes the family descends from the McCullough line.

The book may be purchased at Allison-Antrim Museum in Greencastle, Franklin County Historical Society Kittochtinny in Chambersburg, Amazon, lulu.com and lamppostbooks.com

McCulloh is satisfied with the results of his project.

“What I’ve written is what I was looking to find. No one else has done it.”